Dodecanese - Greek Islands (Greece)

The Dodecanese (means the 12 islands = Dodekanisa ), is a group of islands in the southeast of the Aegean sea. Actually the Dodecanese count much more than 12 islands. In total there are 163 islands and islets, of which only 26 are inhabited. The total area of the Dodecanese is 2663 sq. kilometers. It is a mountainous area with some plains, especially on Kos and Rhodes. The highest points are Ataviros on Rhodes and Kalolimni (1300 m.) on Karpathos. The Dodecanese is admired for the combination of Eastern and Western architecture and culture. On the islands, you will find important archeological sites, traditional villages, medieval monuments and beautiful beaches.

The two most popular islands are Rhodes and Kos. Other important islands are Agathonissi, Astypalaia, Halki, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastelorizo, Leros, Lipsi, Nisyros, Patmos, Pserimos, Symi, Telendos and Tilos. All these islands have a very rich and long history. Over the years they had been occupied by different invaders like the Knights of St.John,the Turks and the Italians.

Photo Gallery Dodecanese - Photos of Dodecanese

Rhodes town - Rhodes - Island of Rhodes Dodecanese - Photo 1499 - Photo The Odeion | Kos town | Greece Photo 6 - Photo Ixia Rhodes - Island of Rhodes Dodecanese - Photo 460 - Photo Pontamos Halki - Island of Halki Dodecanese - Photo 172 - Photo Faliraki Rhodes - Island of Rhodes Dodecanese - Photo 244 - Photo Paradise Beach Kos - Greece  Photo 17 - Photo Panteli - Island of Leros - Dodecanese islands Photo 75 - Photo The island of Agathonissi - Dodecanese islands photo 19 - Photo Monolithos Rhodes - Island of Rhodes Dodecanese - Photo 1132 - Photo Kiotari Rhodes - Island of Rhodes Dodecanese - Photo 644 - Photo Mastichari Kos | Island of Kos | Greece Photo 5 - Photo Patmos Greece | Greece  Photo 12 - Photo Agia Marina - Island of Leros - Dodecanese islands Photo 22 - Photo Agia Marina - Island of Leros - Dodecanese islands Photo 54 - Photo Nimborio Halki - Island of Halki Dodecanese - Photo 14 - Photo

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The Map of the Dodecanese

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DodecaneseSamos Ikaria/Icaria Patmos Greece Leros Kalymnos Kos Greece Symi/Simi Karpathos Rhodes Greece Astypalaia/Astipalea Kasos / Kassos Nisyros (Nissyros) information Tilos Chalki/Halki Amorgos Greece

Average temperature Dodecanese

The history of the Dodecanese

The first inhabitants of the Dodecanese were the Karres and Telchines (4000 BC). Then came the Minoans from Crete, they founded Rhodes trade strongholds. In the Mycenaean period (after 1400 BC.) came the Achaeans, the Dorians and Ions. Then the Dodecanese islands were ruled by the Persians, until they were liberated by the Athenians.

At the end of the 5th century, Rhodes was known as one of the greatest naval powers. The fourth century BC, the island of Kos has a great prosperity known, partly because of Hippocrates doctors school who was born here. He invented the "The Hippocratic Oath" which nowadays is made by doctors at their graduation.

During the Hellenistic and Roman years, Rhodes and Kos were important cultural centres. During the Byzantine period, these islands were attacked by Persians, Arabs, Venetians and Crusade sailors. In 1309 the islands were occupied by the Knights of the Order of St. John until in 1522 when the Turks took over. In 1821 was the Greek revolt against the Turks and the Dodecanese have been fighting together with the rest of Greece against the Turks. Yet they still didn’t regain their liberty because they served as an exchange item for Evia which was returned to Greece by the Turks in exchange for the Dodecanese. In 1912 Italy occupied the Dodecanese and not until 1948 were they given back to Greece.

Text: Yorgos and Wendy Nikolidakis - Revised by Maxine van Hoften Gee

Photos Dodecanese - Dodecanese pictures

Tigaki Kos | Eiland Kos | Griekenland foto 11 - Foto van De Griekse Gids
Zandstranden in het zuiden van Karpathos | De Griekse Gids foto 001 - Foto van De Griekse Gids
Arkasa (Arkassa) | Eiland Karpathos | De Griekse Gids 020 - Foto van De Griekse Gids
Lakki - Eiland Leros - Griekse Gids Foto 11 - Foto van De Griekse Gids

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Map of Dodecanese
The map of Dodecanese (┬ę

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