Lefkada (Lefkas). Lefkada owes its name to the white beaches and the white cliffs at Cape Lefkatas. The island has one of the best road networks of the Greek islands and has well-organized (Yachting) port with facilities for tourist boat traffic.
The Aktion Airport is located 15 km from the city and is continually modernized and expanded. Lefkada is located 385 kilometres from Athens, 180 km from Patras and 100 km from the harbour of Igoumenitsa in Epirus. There are direct charter flights between Lefkada and most European Capitals.
You can reach the island of Lefkada by car through a bridge that connects the island to the mainland (free) and the prefecture Central Greece.
The blue flags indicate that the sea water is perfectly clean. The sea is perfect for all kind of water sports. On Lefkada you will find two of the best beaches of the Mediterranean to surf: Vassiliki, where very special air flows are and the Agios Giannis village, near the town of Lefkada. Sailors really love Lefkada.
Beside all kinds of water sports, there are a lot of opportunities for cycling, boxing, basketball and tennis. The flying club of Lefkada organizes competitions and model glider flying.
Via Lefkada town, in the north of the island, there are several places accessible by car, bus or moped. Great holiday resorts on Lefkada are Nidri, Poros, Syvota and Vasiliki. All the fun tourist towns, some a bit bigger, others smaller on Lefkada. Nidri is the busiest and most popular place of the island.
Visit the beaches Kathisma, Egremni and Porto Katsiki, three of the best beaches in the Meditterenean sea. Around the town are the beaches of Gyra and Agios Giannis, with characteristic windmills and the three forts that the island has to offer. On the east side of the island are picturesque coastvillages as Kariotes with salt fields, Lygia, a center for fishing and many cozy fish taverns, Nikiana with the nearby monasteries Agion Pateron and Agiou Georgiou and Nidri, the most famous resort on Lefkada.
From Nidri and Vassiliki, there are daily ferry boat connections with Cephalonia and Ithaca. From Nidri, several times a day, there is a boat connection with the island of Meganisi and there are boating excursion to the island of Skorpios (Onassis).
Regarding the distances:
Because of their long history, the residents of Lefkada are blessed with rich culture as artists. Murals, painting of sacred icons, carving and painting have always been widely practiced on the island. Since 1830 on Lefkada are given theatre performances and there are choral groups. The island has a long tradition of music and culture.
The tour of the island starts in the town of Lefkada, which is the administrative, economic, cultural and trade centre of the region. Here is the bridge that connects Lefkada with the rest of Greece. The historic centre of this city has traditional houses, streets that are paved with cobblestones and a central square. In the town, there are several museums.
In the interior there is the traditional village of Karya and there are many other small villages immersed in the beautiful greenery like the ancient village Alatro with its 38 churches.
Archaeological research has shown that the first life on Lefkada brings us back to the Neolithic period, in the middle of the fourth millennium BC.
According to Aristotle, the Lelegen were the first inhabitants. Archaeological finds from the Achaic and the Minoan period are ancient witnesses of a lost era.
After the Achaeans came the Dorians who settled the town Nirikos. Lefkada took part in the naval battle of Salamina and the Peloponnesian War.
In 338 BC the island was occupied by Philip the Second, father of Alexander the Great and in 31 BC it took part in the battle for Aktion.
In Byzantine times, the island σας as a dowry given by the bishop Nikiforos First to Count Orsini, who built the castle of Agia Mavra. Then follows a long period of about 180 years Venetian rule.
In 1797 Napoleon Bonaparte beats the Venetian and Lefkada falls into the hands of the French to come in 1810 under British rule. In 1815, all the Ionian Islands at the Treaty of Paris, proclaimed an independent state. "United State of the Ionian Islands" under the governor shelf of Great Britain.
In 1864 Lefkada, along with the other Ionian Islands, is united with the motherland Greece.